So what exactly are fiber optic cables? And why are these cables so much better than traditional copper wiring for transmitting data? Well, the primary difference is the material used in transmission. Fiber optic cables are made of glass or plastic, roughly the size of a human hair. Copper wires are much bigger and, obviously, made of copper. And they’ve been used since 1880 to transmit data.
Now, fiber optic cables are capable of transmitting much more data over greater distances and with more security. They are also much more difficult to “tap” than copper cables, lending you extra security.
Copper was initially used to transmit electrical impulses. Which is great, because copper has an extremely high conductivity level. Fiber optic cables, made of glass or plastic, are not so good with the conductivity. Which would be a problem if we were using them to carry electricity, but is actually wonderful, because we’re transmitting data. So you’re much less likely to get any electrical interference and there’s no need to ground the cables. Copper wires are also extremely vulnerable to chemical corrosion. Fiber optic cables are almost completely resistant to the elements.
Again, because fiber optic cables are not conductors, they will not start fires or shock people using them. However, they are made of glass, so puncture wounds are a possibility if you’re not cautious in handling them. Use protective eyewear, avoid fiber shards getting on clothing and in hair, always wash hands before touching eyes and face, and clean your job site when you’re finished.
Now that you know the basics, contact Connected Fiber for all of your fiber optic products and/or services. We’re happy to help!